Resharper can do some of the stuff you mentioned. No tool will tell you missing try catch this is the developer's responsibility to make sure this is placed in the proper places of the code.
ReSharper can help with missing catch or rethrow etc.
The link you have provided above shows open source projects which are either desktop applications, or web based applications that provide mapping services/searching tools that can be consumed by desktop applications.
QGIS - Desktop applicaiton
Geoserver - publishes WMS, which can be consumed by desktop app.
If i understand your question correctly, it ...
I would recommend to use the newer Roslyn-based analyzers for all your code and drop the standalone StyleCop entirely, this way you get full build-time integration and configurable warning levels, among other things.
For this, I recommend to replace the original StyleCop by the new StyleCop analyzers. You can configure them on a pe-project basis and have ...