I use laravel for a few years now and I'm very happy with that framework. Documentation can be found on https://laravel.com
If you need only backend functionality for maybe an API there is also a smaller and lighter version available called lumen. Infos at https://lumen.laravel.com
There are also many other ones like http://www.slimframework.com or https://...
If your needs are relatively simple, AutoHotkey or AutoIt could fit the bill. Yeah, they are best known as tools for automating other GUIs, rather than writing your own; but each one is a full-fledged programming language with its own GUI facilities. They each come with a compiler which generates small, standalone executable binaries.