Which programming languages have powerful IDE with good IntelliSense, fast compilation times, popularity, static typing, decent performance (not VM/interpreted), enough syntax sugar to minimize repetitive code, and not tied to web dev?
Based on your stated needs, I would recommend that you go with Python. Installing the SDK (software Development Kit) gives you access to not just the programming language but also a powerful IDE called IDLE, which you can immediately get productive with.
And if you don't like the IDE, there are so many free and open source IDEs you can use out there. I personally would recommend Visual Studio Code, since its lightweight, has good intellisense (with the right plugin installed) and is pretty fast.
Python is also a high level language with plenty syntactic sugar and inbuilt functions, which helps you avoid code repetition and helps with writing less code.
You can get the latest SDK download over here: https://www.python.org/downloads/