let's say, for example, I give this equation as an input:

4x + x - 20 + 10

And I want to get 5x - 10 as a result

3 Answers 3


You can use the Symja - Java computer algebra and symbolic math library.

import org.matheclipse.core.eval.ExprEvaluator;
import org.matheclipse.core.expression.F;
import org.matheclipse.core.interfaces.IAST;
import org.matheclipse.core.interfaces.IExpr;
import org.matheclipse.core.interfaces.ISymbol;
import org.matheclipse.parser.client.SyntaxError;

public class Example {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    try {
      ExprEvaluator util = new ExprEvaluator(false, (short) 100);

      // Convert an expression to the internal Java form:
      // Note: single character identifiers are case sensitive
      // (the "D()" function identifier must be written as upper case character)
      String javaForm = util.toJavaForm("4*x + x - 20 + 10");
      // prints: Plus(ZZ(-20L),x,Times(C4,x),C10)
      System.out.println("Out[1]: " + javaForm.toString());

      // Use the Java form to create an expression with F.* static methods:
      ISymbol x = F.Dummy("x");
      IAST function = F.Plus(F.ZZ(-20L), x, F.Times(F.C4, x), F.C10);
      IExpr result = util.eval(function);
      // print: -10+5*x
      System.out.println("Out[2]: " + result.toString());
    } catch (SyntaxError e) {
      // catch Symja parser errors here
    } catch (RuntimeException rex) { 

DataMelt (http://jwork.org/dmelt) does this. Here is an example (I use Jython, but you can use Java too)

from jhplot.math import *  
from jhplot import *
j=Symbolic("jscl") # using jscl engine
print j.simplify("(x + 1)^(1/x)") == "(1+x)^(1/x)" 
print j.simplify("(x^2-1)/(x-1)") == "1+x"

This code returns "true" for all such simplifications

  • Please disclose any affiliation you have with this product. Commented Aug 15, 2019 at 4:51
  • (I'm a web admin where many community/free programs are located. Not associated with this particular program in any other way). Commented Aug 16, 2019 at 12:33

Maple does this well, but it is a commercial product.

For more alternatives check the List of computer algebra systems on Wikipedia, but that list does not show how something is implemented, or whether it has a Java API. You'd have to look this up yourself.

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