My personal recommendation would be Jinja2. The templating language has a syntax that's not particularly hard to learn if you're already used to coding in Python and have some experience with HTML, it's wicked fast, has a number of useful features for working with HTML right out of the box, it's pure Python with minimal dependencies (if I remember correctly, there's only one outside of the Python standard library), and it's packaged for pretty much every major distribution (including Raspbian).
The only potential downside is that Python 3 support is still listed as experimental and needs Python 3.3 or newer, though the initial Python 3 support was added quite some time ago (they don't even support the version that originally added it anymore, so I think it's been at least six months), they've pretty much said they're just being conservative (all the tests pass on Python 3, they're just not 100% certain that there aren't any lurking corner cases that break on Python 3), and I've personally had no issues using it with Python 3.
Django's templating engine is pretty widely used and supports Python 3, but it's not exactly lightweight (you pretty much have to install all of Django to get the templating engine), and they tend to break things in subtle ways version to version. Other than that, it's got most of the same benefits that Jinja2 does (Jinja2 was actually originally a standalone implementation of Django's templating language, but it's diverged enoguh that Jinja2 templates and Django templates aren't guaranteed to be interchangeable).
The only other templating system mentioned in your link that I actually recognize is Mako. I've never dealt with it myself, but have heard from a number of associates that it's reliable and I've seen a number of big Python projects using it (I think Reddit uses it actually). The syntax is a bit closer to HTML or XML than Jinja2 and Django are, but that can be just as much of an issue as a benefit (the closer the syntax, the easier it is to mix up what's part of the template and what's actual HTML).