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I have a 4tb drive which had a formatted NTFS 3.9tb partition and several small partitions. The GUID Partition Table (GPT) main and backup partition tables were then re-written so the partitions were 'lost', however the partitons were not overwritten so I am sure they are still there.

I have both the original drive, and a backup whole disk image written to another drive with dd under Linux.

I would like a software recommendation for recovery software to restore the 3.9tb NTFS partition to a readable state, either from the original disk or backup disk image. I can use either Windows 7 or Linux.

I found this list: http://forensicswiki.org/wiki/Tools:Data_Recovery#Partition_Recovery

But it makes no particular recommendations. Have people here used any of these before?

  • As I have never tried that, I'll put it into a comment rather than an answer: You've found the correct Wiki. TestDisk should be able to achieve that (if any tool is able at all then this). AFAIR it's capable of restoring the partition table and write the entire thing back to an image you then could write to disk using dd. If not the entire disk, it could at least extract the partition for dd to write. I've no idea about the other candidates mentioned in that list. – Izzy Jun 9 '16 at 5:58
  • @Hokuto Okuyama: If an answer was helpful to you, then please consider marking it as the accepted answer so others may more easily find it in the future. This is also a polite way to thank the person answering your question for helping you out. – Andrea Lazzarotto Jan 7 '17 at 19:11
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main and backup partition tables were then re-written so the partitions were 'lost', however the partitons were not overwritten

Then it is a super easy job for TestDisk. The tool has to be run on the target disk and it will show you a TUI (textual user interface):

sudo testdisk /dev/sda

It will scan the drive and show you a list of detected partitions. You can press P to see the contents, hence you can check what are those that you want to recover. In case the first scan does not work, it should prompt you to perform a deeper search.

You can highlight any partition and press T to change type (e.g. from deleted to active). When the table looks good, follow the on-screen procedure to continue and then write the changes on the disk.

Here's a screenshot from this answer on Ask Ubuntu:

Testdisk showing a list of partitions

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Every data recovery tool has their pros and cons. I have used Partition Recovery Software by Stellar mentioned in the list.

It worked great and recovered most my data but somehow it's too much time taken. It may be due to the heaps of bad sectors in my hard drive. I don't exactly know, but it's my guess. But, it easily recovered my data.

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I decided to put here another option around mentioned problem. If you have data but partition lost in some reason, there is another tool related to testdisk. It is called photorec (https://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/PhotoRec).

Utility restores data from raw device using "knowledge" about files, their format and structure.

You may also check my short article about this in more details (https://nantipov.org/2019/02/recovering-of-data-from-damaged-and-quickly-formatted-hdd/).

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