I need to know what library, compatible with C++, can be used to interpolate a polynomial. So given $n$ point-value pairs it can recover the polynomial. The library must support big integer (multi-precision) values as my polynomial is defined over a polynomial ring R[x] where R is a 1024 bit number.

Note: I have used NTL but it apparently does not support big integer.


2 Answers 2


I found the NTL interpolate useful, so below is NTL interpolate with minor modifications. Now it works with GMP mpz_t type big integer. It has been tested many times and works fine (as far as I observed).

Remark: N is moduli. The function below allows use to interpolate a polynomial $f$, given $(a,b)$ pairs (i.e. $(a_0,b_0),...,(a_n,b_n)$ ), where $f(a_i)=b_i$. The function returns coefficients of the polynomial $f$. Here, size is $n$.

#include <gmpxx.h>
typedef mpz_t bigint;

bigint* interpolate(int size, bigint* a, bigint* b,bigint N) 
long m = size;
bigint* prod;
prod = a;
bigint t1, t2;
int k, i;

bigint* res;
bigint aa;
for (k = 0; k < m; k++) {

  mpz_init_set(aa ,a[k]);
  for (i = k-1; i >= 0; i--) {
     mpz_mul(t1, t1, aa);
     mpz_mod(t1, t1,N);
     mpz_add(t1, t1, prod[i]);

  for (i = k-1; i >= 0; i--) {
     mpz_mul(t2, t2, aa);
     mpz_mod(t2, t2,N);
     mpz_add(t2, t2, res[i]);

  mpz_invert(t1, t1,N);
  mpz_sub(t2, b[k], t2);
  mpz_mul(t1, t1, t2);

  for (i = 0; i < k; i++) {
     mpz_mul(t2, prod[i], t1);
     mpz_mod(t2, t2,N);

     mpz_add(res[i], res[i], t2);
     mpz_mod(res[i], res[i],N);


  mpz_init_set(res[k], t1);
  mpz_mod(res[k], res[k],N);
  if (k < m-1) {
     if (k == 0)
        mpz_neg(prod[0], prod[0]);
     else {
        mpz_neg(t1, a[k]);
        mpz_add(prod[k], t1, prod[k-1]);
        for (i = k-1; i >= 1; i--) {
           mpz_mul(t2, prod[i], t1);
           mpz_mod(t2, t2,N);

           mpz_add(prod[i], t2, prod[i-1]);
        mpz_mul(prod[0], prod[0], t1);
        mpz_mod(prod[0], prod[0],N);


while (m > 0 && (res[m-1]==0)) m--;
return res;

alglib.net seems to provide a c++ multiple precision library thats free, and seems to do what you require, you need to pay for multithreaded support though.

  • Can I ask, if you have used it? It does not seem to be very promising.
    – user13676
    Commented Jun 8, 2015 at 21:22
  • nope, I havent but it seems like its been ported to multiple languages and is well developed in terms of features nad documentation. whats not promising about it?
    – MSEoris
    Commented Jun 8, 2015 at 22:59
  • I think it does not support polynomial ring.
    – user13676
    Commented Jun 9, 2015 at 19:19

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