Up until Windows 8, Windows had a feature called "Briefcases" which would help you sync folders on your computer(s) with removable drives (and vice versa). This feature was removed in Windows 8. I know that you can get briefcases to work with Windows 8, but it is buggy and may be removed at any time, so I am looking for a 3rd party alternative.
Essentially, a briefcase would remember the paths and locations of any files/folders that you copied from the host computer into the briefcase. Then, when asked, would compare the files it has with the original files residing on the host machine. If there were any changes it would sync them onto itself, or provide you with several sync options in case of a conflict.
I need an equivalent that:
Will do something similar to what I just described above.
Works on Windows 8
Supports exFAT formatted USB drives.
(Optionally) supports Linux.
I would prefer not to have any fussy services/daemons/servers/etc running, but am willing to compromise on that point if needed.