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I am looking for a good alternative to Photoshop on OS X, to be used for creating game artwork.

These are features I use frequently, and I am looking for:

  • layers
  • all layer effects
  • patterns
  • gradients
  • smart objects
  • history
  • PNG export
  • rescaling
  • text (and font properties)- paths
  • shapes
  • selections / color selecting
  • rotation

I don't want to use Photoshop because I don't want a subscription-based license.

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Welcome to Software Recommendations! Why is Photoshop not up to the task? Whats it lacking? Please have a read of this meta discussion: meta.softwarerecs.stackexchange.com/questions/48/… –  Angelo Neuschitzer Mar 14 at 19:50
    
Welcome to Software Recommendations! List questions are off-topic and go fundamentally against our format. If you can reword your question to better fit our format please do so, but, as it stands, your question is not on-topic. To clarify, your question has no set goal, but instead asks only for programs similar to Photoshop. Please see Looking for First Person, Physics based, Puzzle games for a comparitive question. –  DanteTheEgregore Mar 14 at 20:01
    
Also, I apologize for any confusion. I answered your question earlier without regard to its status which was my mistake. If you can edit your question to be on topic, I will do my best to edit my answer as well. –  DanteTheEgregore Mar 14 at 20:03
    
Since answers are disabled I'll just drop a comment. GIMP + Inkscape should fulfill all your stated needs. Inkscape will be needed for complex shape-drawing beyond ellipse and rectangle, and for vector-based drawing. –  wberry Mar 17 at 16:09
    
I have modified the question and I now believe it is on-topic, so please judge again and reopen if it sounds good, or continue improving the question, for instance by making it more specific. –  Nicolas Raoul Jul 9 at 3:42

2 Answers 2

GIMP is a strong alternative.

GIMP is available on OS X, Windows, and Linux. GIMP is free and licensed under the GNU General Public License.

GIMP

As for your feature list:

  • layers: ✓

  • all layer effects: ✓

  • patterns: ✓

  • gradients: ✓

  • smart objects: ☓ Gimp does not have smart objects to my knowledge.

  • history: ✓

  • PNG export: ✓

  • rescaling: ✓

  • text (and font properties)- paths: ✓

  • shapes: ✓

  • selections / color selecting: ✓

  • rotation: ✓

Note: No two image manipulation tools are created equal. GIMP is an Image Manipulation tool at its core and, on certain levels, could be considered an alternative to Photoshop, but, as it stands, they are two entirely different beasts.

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Gimp is NOT the answer when looking at the OP's requirements. It does NOT support any layer effects (blend modes are all there, though). It does NOT support any vector shapes (paths are not the same thing!). It does NOT have adjustment layers. Patterns and gradients are destructive - meaning once applied they cannot be changed. Smart objects are also not supported by GIMP. GIMP's text tool is extremely rudimentary compared to Photoshop. All in all, not a great alternative based on the OP's list of requirements. –  Herbert123 Jul 22 at 0:42

I have switched to alternative software about two years ago, and dropped Adobe applications. Here is my answer for the OP:

Photoline - yes, horrible site, but don't let that distract you!

layers: ✓ [all blend modes, plus the possibility to set layer opacity from -200 up to 200 percent! Extremely useful - an improvement over Photoshop. And every layer can have as many layer masks (both bitmap and vector) as you like: again a vast improvement over Photoshop. And here is the amazing thing: in Photoline any layer can have ANY IMAGE MODE independent of the overall image mode. This means you can combine Lab, CMYK, RGB, Greyscale, and Monochrome images together in the same layer stack! No more image mode switches! And full 8/16/32 bit per channel support for Lab, RGB, CMYK and greyscale. Very liberating. Photoshop looks old in comparison.

all layer effects: ✓ [all layer effects, plus that imported Photoshop files with layer effects are translated to Photoline layer effect equivalents. Photoline actually offers MORE layer effects than PS. For example, a 3d shadow, a 3d lighting effect, and up to three color overlays. A full range of non-destructive adjustment layers compliments Photoline layers. Since layer masks behave like ordinary layers you can even apply adjustment layers to layer masks!!

patterns: ✓ [patterns come in two flavours in Photoline: bitmaps (like PS) and true procedural textures. Both can be applied in a non-destructive manner to objects and layers.

gradients: ✓ [gradients in Photoline are applied non-destructively. Even in layer masks. Gradients are controlled through visual controls directly in the view.

smart objects: ✓☓ [Photoline's version of smart objects are 'virtual layers'. These allow you to clone and instance layers, layer groups, layer masks, anything really. Unlike Photoshop these clones update in real-time, and there is no need to open these in a separate window: the originals can be changed in the document itself, and the clones automatically update. This is actually far more flexible than Photoshop's smart objects. Also, Photoline supports externally linked placed file layers that update automatically when changes are made externally.

So both Photoline and Photoshop offer similar functionality, but have a different implementation, each with its own advantages and caveats. Level design in Photoline is very nice, because you can have all the assets organized on one or more pages, and then create virtual clones of each asset and bring them together on other pages for level designs, and so on. Good snapping and alignment tools are available as well. No more silly "layer comps" to organize your work. I have worked with large levels with thousands of vector and bitmap objects, and it works really well.

history: ✓ [Photoline supports a history palette.]

PNG export: ✓ [yes. Also an option to select layers and export all the selected layers in on go as png files.]

rescaling: ✓ [Photoline has great rescaling algorithms built-in: Lanczos 3 and 8, Catmull Rom and MitchelNetravali for high quality down scaling. All scaling and rotation of layers is non-destructive if you want. The original content is NOT resampled until export]

text (and font properties)- paths: ✓ [Photoline actually offers light DTP features, which means: multiple page support in document mode, linked text frames, good type control. Text in Photoline is fully vectorial, and can be exported as vectors easily.]

shapes: ✓ [unlike Photoshop shapes in Photoline are truly vectors, and can be output as such easily. Shapes can be used for masking, and the SVG import/export is great. Even better: Photoline offers an external application connection, which allows you to hook up InkScape, and send Photoline shapes/layers directly to InkScape, edit those, save, and the Photoline layer automatically updates when you switch back. (note: the latest betas offer this functionality - the beta can only be accessed after you purchase a license). Photoline has the essential vector editing tools. And bitmap can be converted to vector layers as well. And full pdf support (meaning shapes remain vector in an exported pdf!)

selections / color selecting: ✓ [full compliment of Photoshop level selection tools. Even better: an adjustment layer to convert any colour (range) to transparency. A black background can be removed in a matter of seconds (even black that is pre-multiplied with lighting effects). The only thing missing is a dedicated refine edge command like the one in Photoshop]

rotation: ✓ [Same as rescaling. Also non-destructive by default. No need for "ctrl-T" ;-)]

Photoline is extremely affordable, and comes with a perpetual license. You can even install it on a usb drive/stick. The installation file is a mere 20~30MB(!). And I like the fact that the beta is open to anyone who asks for it. The devs have implemented about 15 of my requests in the last 20 months.

Combine Photoline with Krita (free) for excellent digital painting and drawing (better than Photoshop), and InkScape for vector drawing, and you have a very powerful trio that arguably is an improvement over Photoshop for game asset creation (my own experience: I am an independent game dev/designer). Be sure to check out the latest beta which adds some very useful workflow enhancers.

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